In a Neighbourhood Residential Zone under Section 32.09 of the Victorian Planning Scheme no permit is required for keeping 1-2 animals, while a permit is required for keeping 3-5 animals. However councils often do not require a permit for 3-5 or even more animals. For example, Maribyrnong (03/2018) allows keeping up to 10 hens without a permit. Some councils do not specify on their websites the number of animals that can be kept—aside from cats and dogs.

Regulations for the housing of chickens in Victoria:
Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Domestic Fowl) Regulations 2016